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Valvular Cardiomyopathy Treatment in India

 

Valvular Cardiomyopathy

valvular cardiomyopathy treatment India, cost valvular cardiomyopathy treatment India, low cost valvular cardiomyopathy treatment IndiaCardiomyopathy is a heart condition that impairs the heart's ability to pump blood. There are several different kinds of cardiomyopathies, and valvular cardiomyopathy refers to dilated cardiomyopathy. Dilated or Vulvular cardiomyopathy means that the left ventricle of the heart is enlarged and therefore less powerful than the left ventricle of a healthy heart. Dilated or Vulvular cardiomyopathy occurs when diseased heart muscle fibers become weakened and cannot effectively pump blood to the body. The weak heart muscles also allow one or more chambers of the heart to expand. With time, the enlarged heart gradually deteriorates, causing congestive heart failure. It occurs most often in middle age, and it affects more men than women. However, this disease can occur in people of all ages, including children.


Symptoms of Valvular Cardiomyopathy

Many people with with valvular cardiomyopathy have no symptoms or only minor symptoms, and live a normal life. Symptoms can occur at any age and may include:

  • Heart failure symptoms (shortness of breath and fatigue)

  • Swelling of the lower extremities

  • Fatigue (feeling overly tired)

  • Weight gain

  • Fainting (caused by conditions such as irregular heart rhythms, abnormal responses of the blood vessels during exercise, or no cause may be found)

  • Palpitations (fluttering in the chest due to abnormal heart rhythms)

  • Dizziness or lightheadedness

  • Blood clots due to blood flowing more slowly through the body. If a blood clot breaks off, it can be carried to the lungs (pulmonary emboli), kidney (renal emboli), brain (cerebral emboli or stroke), or limbs (peripheral emboli)

  • Chest pain or pressure (occurs usually with exercise or physical activity, but can also occur with rest or after meals)


Causes of Valvular Cardiomyopathy

Valvular cardiomyopathy can have a variety of causes. Illnesses or other medical conditions can bring on the disease, as can treatment for other conditions, such as chemotherapy to treat cancer. Other heart problems, such as hardened arteries or high blood pressure can lead to cardiomyopathy. An imbalance of vitamins, minerals, or iron could also be the culprit. Some of the most common causes of valvular cardiomyopathy are as follows;

  • Coronary artery disease is the most common cause of dilated cardiomyopathy.

  • Chronic, excessive alcohol consumption

  • Anticancer drugs

  • Infections. Certain viral illnesses can cause an infection of the heart muscle known as acute myocarditis that may result in dilated cardiomyopathy.

  • Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a form of dilated cardiomyopathy caused by pregnancy or recent delivery.

  • Genetic: About 30 percent of the time, dilated cardiomyopathy occurs as a result of inheriting mutations in certain genes. 


Test and Diagnosis of Valvular Cardiomyopathy

  • Chest X-Ray - An image of your heart will show whether it's enlarged.

  • Echocardiogram - An echocardiogram uses sound waves to produce images of the heart. Your doctor can use these images to examine the size of your heart and its motions as it beats.

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) - In this noninvasive test, electrode patches are attached to your skin to measure electrical impulses from your heart. An ECG can show disturbances in the electrical activity of your heart, which can detect abnormal heart rhythms and areas of injury.

  • Cardiac Catheterization and Biopsy - In this procedure, a thin tube (catheter) is inserted in your groin and threaded through your blood vessels to your heart, where a small sample (biopsy) of your heart can be extracted for analysis in the laboratory. Pressure within the chambers of your heart can be measured to see how forcefully blood pumps through your heart. Pictures of the arteries of the heart can be taken during the procedure (coronary angiogram) to ensure that you do not have any blockage.

  • Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - Cardiac MRI is an imaging technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to create images of your heart. Cardiac MRI is often used in addition to echocardiography, particularly if the images from your echocardiogram aren't helpful in making a diagnosis.

  • Blood Tests - One blood test can measure B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), a protein produced in your heart. Your blood level of BNP rises when your heart is subjected to the stress of heart failure, a common complication of cardiomyopathy.

A variety of other blood tests may be done, including those to check your kidney function and look for anemia and thyroid problems. Your iron level may be measured. Having too much may indicate an iron overload disorder called hemochromatosis. Accumulating too much iron in your heart muscle can weaken it and cause cardiomyopathy.


Valvular Cardiomyopathy Treatment

Treatment is aimed at correcting the cause of the condition wherever possible and at decreasing the heart size and decreases the hormones in the bloodstream that enlarge the heart. Following treatment can be suggested by the physician.

  • Drug Therapy - Most people improve by taking drugs, such as a beta-blocker, ACE inhibitorsor an ARB, and/or diuretics. Blood thinners may be used to prevent blood clots from occurring.

  • Lifestyle Changes - Lifestyle change can make a big difference in valvular cardiomyopathy and your heart health. Changes which are recommended include diet changes and exercise.

  • Other Surgical  Treatments - Other treatments may be an option if you develop certain types or arrhythmia. These treatments include,

  • Cardioversion - This may be an option for some types of arrhythmia. Whilst under anaesthetic, you are given an electrical shock over the heart. This may revert the abnormal rhythm back to normal.

  • valvular cardiomyopathy treatment advantages India, cost valvular cardiomyopathy treatment India, low cost valvular cardiomyopathy treatment India

    Artificial Pacemakers - These are used in cases of arrhythmia where the heart beats very slowly  because of complete heart block and in certain other situations. An artificial pacemaker is a small device which is inserted just under the skin on the upper chest.Wires from the pacemaker are passed through veins into the heart chambers. The pacemaker can then stimulate the heart to maintain a regular normal heartbeat.

  • valvular cardiomyopathy treatment advantages India, valvular cardiomyopathy, valvular cardiomyopathy symptomsImplantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICDs) - These are sometimes used in certain situations - especially if you are at risk of developing serious and life threatening arrhythmias. They are small devices which are similar to pacemakers and are inserted under the skin in the upper chest. Wires are passed through a vein to the heart. The device monitors the heartbeat. If it detects a change to an abnormal rhythm, the device can send a small electrical shock to the heart to stop the abnormal rhythm.

  • Surgery - Surgery may be advised to treat valve disease; scarred, thin heart muscle after heart attack; or congenital malformations. In addition, some patients may benefit from left ventricular assist device insertion. This procedure requires the patient to meet strict criteria and have advanced, end-stage heart failure.

  • Heart transplant or other heart failure surgical options


Advantages of Valvular Cardiomyopathy Treatment

  • The prognosis with valvular cardiomyopathy varies and depends on the severity of the condition.

  • The outcome varies. Some people will remain in a stable condition for long periods.

  • Cardiomyopathy can be corrected if the underlying disease can be cured.

  • In children, about one-third recover completely, one-third recover but continue to have some heart problems, and one-third die.

  • However, overall, the outlook for people with this disorder has improved a lot in the last ten years due to new drug treatments.


Possible Complications of Valvular Cardiomyopathy Treatment:

Side effects of medications, including:

  • Headache

  • Gastrointestinal upset

  • Lightheadedness and fainting

  • Low blood pressure

  • Lupus reaction (a group of symptoms including a skin rash and arthritis)


Valvular Cardiomyopathy Treatment in India

The doctors and researchers in India actively contribute in developing new ways to diagnose and treat people who have critical heart disorders like valvular cardiomyopathy. Each year Indian doctors trained in heart care evaluate and treat thousands of people who have congestive heart failure. Cardiologists and other specialists staff works together as a team to diagnose and treat all forms of heart related disorders. The hospitals in India offer a “cutting-edge" treatment for different cardiac disorders and make management decisions based on opinions informed by the latest scientific data. Most hospitals in India have plenty of heart and vascular specialists who are widely known for their surgical skills.

Cities in India offering Valvular Cardiomyopathy Treatment at some of the best and top cardiac hospitals are as follows;


 

Cost of Valvular Cardiomyopathy Treatment in India

The cost of Treatment and Surgery of Heart Defects and disorders in India is very low as compared to the cost of the similar procedure charged in other western countries. This applies to treatment and surgeries of valvular cardiomyopathy in India. Even after adding travel and accommodation costs, treatment in India can result in up to 50 to 80% cost savings. All surgery and treatments are tailored to consider the needs of the travelling patient. India  gives you the opportunity to have high class immediate (no waiting list) surgical  and medical treatments at highly effective cost.

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