What are Kidney Stones?
Kidney stones are also known as calculi (plural), or calculus (singular). When it is in the kidney, it is a renal calculus. The tube draining the kidney to the bladder is the ureter, and a stone in the ureter is a urethral calculus. Passing a stone is usually very painful. However, many patients can pass a stone with only a "muscle ache" sensation in the back, and they may not be aware the pain was from a stone until it "pops out."
What Causes Kidney Stones?
The exact causes of kidney stone formation are not completely known; however, most credible sources believe that stones are the result of mineral super saturation and crystallization in the urine. Heredity, environment, age, sex, urinary infection, diet, and metabolic diseases are probably involved in stone formation. The primary known causes are:
Inadequate urinary drainage,
Dehydration and lack of sufficient fluid ingestion,
Foreign bodies in the urinary tract,
Diet with excess oxalates, calcium, and vitamin abnormalities, e.g., Vitamin A deficiencies, Vitamin D excess,
Metabolic diseases, e.g., hyperparathyroidism, cystinuria, gout, intestinal dysfunction, and
Use of certain medications, e.g., diuretics that increase levels of uric acid.
What are the Symptoms of Kidney Stone:
A kidney stone may or may not cause signs and symptoms until it has moved into the ureter — the tube connecting the kidney and bladder. At that point, these signs and symptoms may occur:
Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs
Pain that spreads to the lower abdomen and groin
Pain on urination
Pink, red or brown urine
Nausea and vomiting
Persistent urge to urinate
Fever and chills if an infection is present
What is the Success Rate of Kidney Stone Surgery?
Kidney stone surgery has a 50 - 90% success rate, depending on the location of the stone and the surgeon's technique and experience. As a treatment, kidney stone surgery results in a very high success rate of complete stone removal. However, it is also important to note that kidney stone surgery is performed on less than 2% of individuals who have this ailment at present.
How is the Preparation for Kidney Stone Surgery?
Stop smoking if you are a current smoker. Doctors at the University of Maryland Medical Center recommend staying smoke free for a month leading up to surgery. In addition, women who take birth control should use alternate contraceptives in the month before surgery.
Stop taking aspirin or other blood thinners three days before surgery.
Meet with your doctor three or four days before surgery to discuss any concerns you may have and to get more specific preparation instructions.
Get any necessary blood tests to ensure you are healthy enough to have surgery and also to verify your blood type (should you require a transfusion).
Refrain from eating or drinking for at least twelve hours before surgery. Food and liquids may interfere with your anesthesia.
Go to the hospital at your scheduled time to begin hydration therapy and final preparation before surgery.
What are the Types of Kidney Stone Surgery Procedure?
Currently there are four methods of Kidney stone surgery:
Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy (ESWL):
ESWL uses non-electrical shock waves that are created outside of the body to travel through the skin and body tissues until the shockwaves hit the dense stones. The stones become sand-like and are passed. For this procedure, patients acre placed in a tub of warm, purified water or onto a water cushion machine that acts as a medium for transmitting these non-electrical shockwaves.
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PNL):
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is often used when the stone is quite large or in a location that does not allow effective use of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL). In this procedure, the surgeon makes a tiny incision in the back and creates a tunnel directly into the kidney. Using an instrument called a nephroscope, the stone is located and removed. For large stones, an energy probe (ultrasonic or electrohydraulic) may be needed to break the stone into smaller pieces for removal.
Ureteroscopic Stone Removal:
Ureteroscopic stone removal is achieved by passing a small fiberoptic instrument (a ureteroscope) through the urethra and bladder into the ureter. The surgeon then locates the stone and either removes it with a cage-like device or shatters it with a special instrument that produces a form of shockwave. A small tube (or stent) may be left in the ureter for several days after treatment to help the lining of the ureter to heal.
Open (incisional) Surgery:
Open surgery involves opening the affected area and removing the stone(s). Another, less known procedure (called coagulum pyelolithotomy) also removes kidney stones. This procedure involves the injection of a liquid containing calcium chloride, cryoprecipitate, thrombin and indigo carmine into the kidney. This injection of substances forms a jelly-like clot that traps the stones inside. Through an incision made in the kidney, the doctor extracts the stone with forceps.
How is the Recovery after Kidney Stone Surgery?
If the stone passes naturally, recovery is fairly rapid unless the stone caused an infection. Surgeries usually require up to a week of recovery. In the past, when open surgery was the only option, recovery usually took several weeks.
If the doctor put in a stent in one of your ureter tubes during surgery, you will have to go back to have it removed within approximately a week's time. This procedure generally is performed right in the doctor's office.
In order to maintain good kidney health after your surgery, drink plenty of fluids; most doctors recommend about 14 cups a day. Make water your most frequent drink. Lemonade (made from concentrate or real lemons) also can help reduce the chance of future stones.
Consult your doctor about possible dietary changes; he/she may recommend that you reduce the amounts of sodium and protein that you consume. You also may need to cut back on the amount of dairy products in your diet since an abundance of calcium can lead to stones. Oxalate is a compound that can leads to kidney stones and you may be directed to reduce your intake of nuts, strawberries, beets, chocolate and spinach.
What are the Benefits of Kidney Stone Surgery?
The benefits of Kidney stone surgery is that patient get relieved from
Lower abdominal Pain
Pain during Urination
Other Painful Conditions related to Kidney Stone
Hematuria (blood in the urine)
What should be done to prevent Kidney Stones?
You can minimize your risk by:
Drinking 12 (8 oz.) glasses of water per day
Taking your stone prevention medication
Close follow-up by your doctor
Why consider Kidney Stone Surgery in India?
India is among the world’s top five medical tourism destinations for medical tourists and foreign investors, reports online investment news source Nuwire Investors.
Much of India’s attraction lies in the wide array of medical services and procedures including dental, cosmetic and cardiac surgeries at significantly lower costs compared with the United States.
India’s growing reputation on the world healthcare map has also been recognized by a number of international and regional medical associations.
Today a different type of tourist is traveling to India. The tourist who appreciates the considerable advances in higher education and medical facilities. In fact it can be said that India will soon be a considerable rival to Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia as far as medical tourism goes.
At present statistics show that the biggest percentage of travelers seeking health treatments in India are coming from Europe, India, Japan and Indonesia but the government sponsored study is also showing that Americans have now discovered India with its excellent treatments and costs that are just a fraction of those charged in the U.S.
idney stone surgery in India is available in the following cities:
What is the Cost of Kidney Stone Surgery in India?
There are several low cost packages available for kidney stone surgery in India, depending upon the requirements of the person.
Cost comparison for some of the kidney treatment procedures between USA and India may be worth noting. Many of the procedures find a huge difference between the pricing (about 7/8 times when we speak of Top-end surgeons).
The Cost comparison of Kidney stone surgery in India is as shown in chart given below:
How to Consult Indian Healthguru Group for Kidney Stone Surgery in India?
We at Indian Healthguru Group take care of your health as our supreme priority, we are proud to offer you the finest Kidney stone surgery in India. With the advance in medical procedures, the operation is performed in a super hygienic condition by our qualified surgeon team whose mastery is widely recognized. To consult Indian Healthguru Group regarding Kidney stone surgery, you just have to send us a detailed query and within 24 Hrs an assistant from Indian Healthguru Group will contact you, and guide you with the remaining procedures for getting the surgery done in India. Indian Healthguru Group will take care of all the arrangement to be done on your behalf till you reach home safely with a smile.
Some of the common countries from which patients travel to India for surgery are:
Located in South Asia, bordered by Pakistan, Nepal, China and Bangladesh, India is South Asia's largest, sovereign, democratic republic. India has an edge over other countries when it comes to offering comprehensive, cost-effective and timely medical care: it also offers an exotic, adventure-filled or cultural -if you wish array of destinations to discover and revel in for the travelers. Indian cities like Mumbai, Hyderabad, Goa, Bangalore, Nagpur, Kerala, Delhi, Pune, Jaipur, Chennai, Gurgaon, and Chandigarh offers best medical tourism service.
Mumbai - Formerly known as Bombay, is the commercial & financial capital city of India. Mumbai is famous for many things, including its thriving Bollywood film industry, teeming bazaars, colonial-style buildings, Art Deco structures and a superb choice of restaurants, often being rated as the dining capital of India. The tourist district of Colaba in Mumbai is a great place to start exploring this great city.
Hyderabad – Hyderabad city is a great place to visit in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The place has witnessed a continuous growth for last many years. Hyderabad has become a tourist hotspot following ever increasing number of tourists during past few years. Hyderabad has a well-founded reputation as one of the safest cities in the world.
Goa - The country's smallest state and famed for its colonial Portuguese and Catholic past, most tourists visit Goa for its endless selection of sandy beaches and coastal attractions. Standing proudly next to the Arabian Sea, Goa is a particularly compact state and often feels like a large town, being easy to travel. Around Goa, tourists will soon realize that the state has much more to offer than simply stunning beaches, fishing, water scooters, windsurfing and scuba diving.
Bangalore - Beauty lies in the eyes of beholder and if you want to see one of the most beautiful places in India then Bangalore is the word for it. Bangalore has earned sobriquets like 'Silicon Valley of India', 'Pub Capital of India', and 'City of Gardens'. Pleasant climate with colorful gardens with lakes and glittering nightlife, Bangalore has made its own attraction for travelers as one of the most charming cities in India,
Nagpur - Nagpur is the largest city in central India, but with its friendly atmosphere and dependable transportation, you’ll instantly feel at home. The city of Nagpur has a well-built infrastructure, is a clean and affluent city which makes a good jumping-off point for a series of trips into the far eastern corner of Maharashtra..
Kerala - Welcome to Kerala, state in India's southern tip and a state known as God's Own Country. Kerala is one of the ten 'Paradises Found' by the National Geographic Traveler, for its diverse geography and overwhelming greenery. It is a land much acclaimed for the contemporary nature of its cultural ethos, and much appreciated for the soothing, rejuvenating paradise that it is.
Delhi - Delhi, the capital of India is situated in the northern part of the country. Apart from being the capital of India, Delhi is also the travel hub of northern India. It serves as an excellent base for visiting the colorful state of Rajasthan, and Agra, the city of the Taj Mahal, is less than three hours away. Discover the many tales behind Delhi’s ancient, bewitching existence. Feel the excitement of stepping foot on a piece of the world’s oldest land!
Pune - Pune is the eighth largest city in the India state of Maharashtra. The city derives its name from Punya Nagari, which means 'the city of virtuous deeds.'Pune or the 'Queen of Deccan' is known for its educational, research and development institutions. This beautiful city has many exotic locales attracting innumerable tourists.
Jaipur – Jaipur is located in India and attracts a flurry of tourists from all over the world. Sited within eastern Rajasthan, North India, the city of Jaipur is famed for its hilltop fortresses, magnificent royal palaces and historic pink-painted sandstone architecture, earning it the affectionate nickname of the 'Pink City'.
Chennai - Chennai formerly known as Madras is the capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is famous for its culture and tradition. Chennai hosts a large cultural event, which includes performances by hundreds of artists. The city has a vibrant theatre scene and is an important centre for the Bharatanatyam, a classical dance form.
Gurgaon – It is one of the four important satellite cities of the National Capital Region and is often referred to as the 'Millennium City.' Gurgaon has recently emerged as the latest hub for Medical Tourism. Apart from being IT hub and a favorite haunt for MNC offices, the city has a number of world class hospitals that not only treat Indian citizens but also people from outside.
Chandigarh - Chandigarh is a rare epitome of modernization co-existing with nature's preservation. It is here that the trees and plants are as much a part of the construction plans as the buildings and the roads. India’s first planned city, Chandigarh is a rich, prosperous, spic and span, green city rightly called “THE CITY BEAUTIFUL”.
kidney stone surgery India, cost kidney stone surgery India, low cost kidney stone surgery India, kidney stone surgery benefits India, kidney stone surgery preparations India, kidney stone surgery recovery India, kidney stone surgery types, kidney stone surgery procedures India, medical treatment cost